Hawthorne School • 430 Madison Avenue
46°35'28.65"N 112° 2'41.86"W



The east side of Hawthorne School, about 1890. It is shown on Helena fire insurance maps of 1888, 1890 and 1892 as the "Fifth Ward School".

Here's a history of Hawthorne from the March 23, 1986 Helena Independent Record...


COURTESY OF THE COLLECTION OF THE LATE HENRY W. JORGENSEN



Integrated in 1882

In 1882, seperate schools for White and African-American children were discontinued in Helena, and Hawthorne was integrated. In 1888, an African-American church was given the use of a schoolroom to hold services.




Hawthorne after the 1892 addition


MONTANA HISTORICAL SOCIETY PHOTO FROM THE MARCH 23, 1986 INDEPENDENT RECORD

 


 

New School Designed by Butte Architects




COURTESY OF TOM KILMER • CLICK ON MAGE FOR A BIG VERSION IN A NEW WINDOW




Aerial View of Hawthorne School, 1933
Showing the West Side


COURTESY OF THE JEFF MORRISON COLLECTION

 

Dean Memorial Clock
Maria Morrison Dean, M. D.
1858-1919

Physician and Advocate for Women's Rights





The Woman Citizen was one of the most influential women's publications of the early decades of the 20th century. You may read more about Dr. Maria Morrison Dean here.


 

A ca. 1930 Postcard View of Hawthorne


COLLECTION OF KENNON BAIRD




Badly Damaged by the 1935 Earthquakes


FROM "MONTANA EARTHQUAKES" BY C. R. ANDERSON & M. P. MARTINSON, 1936 • COLLECTION OF KENNON BAIRD

Brick and stone were shaken from the exterior of the building by the quakes. The Dean Memorial Clock was shattered, and is gone in this photo.

During reconstruction, all the brickwork and the entire second story were removed. The basement and first floor were repaired.

 

Before and After the Earthquakes • 1920s and 1968


COURTESY OF TOM KILMER


COURTESY OF THE COLLECTION OF THE LATE HENRY W. JORGENSEN



Earthquake Retrofit, 2006-07


Hawthorne was closed for several months in 2006-2007 when it was determined that the building could not withstand a strong earthquake. Students attended classes in the then-vacant Ray Bjork School. The Hawthorne repairs consisted of building two 12-foot walls adjacent to the interior ramp and stairways from the ground up to the roof line. Some windows on the west side of the building were filled in.